The Cold Hollow Mountains stretch across seven towns in northern Vermont, making up the tip of the Green Mountain ridge line. This area extends from the towns of Fletcher, Waterville and Belvidere in the south up to the Canadian border and the towns of Bakersfield, Enosburgh, Montgomery, and Richford.
This region is part of one of the most ecologically intact temperate broad leaf forests in the world, nestled within the Northern Forest that stretches from western New York, through Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine to southern Quebec and Canada’s Maritime Provinces. Because of this, it's also one of the most scenic places in the northeast and is known for its wildlife, camping, hiking, hunting and fishing.
These ridge lines and valleys in the Cold Hollow Mountains provide crucial habitat links for wildlife from Vermont to the Sutton Mountains in Quebec. In fact, wildlife across the northeast, from New York to Nova Scotia, are connected via an elaborate habitat network that allows for genetic diversity and keeps wildlife populations strong by enabling wide-ranging wildlife such as black bear, moose, bobcat, and fisher to travel as far as they need.
The Cold Hollow Mountains, as part of the Northern Forest, is also home to the greatest diversity of breeding bird species in the continental United States. Species like the Black-throated Blue Warbler, Canada Warbler, Wood Thrush, Bicknell's Thrush, and others, have in some cases 90% of their global population breeding in this region.
With more than three-quarters of our State forested, Vermont’s diverse woodlands define our cultural heritage just as strongly as the farms that provide a foreground to our landscape. Moreover, our forests act as an economic engine, providing an estimated $3.4 billion annually to our economy in both forest-based manufacturing and forest-related recreation and tourism.
Much of the conserved lands in Vermont support the forest products industry and serve as a vital part of maintaining Vermont’s working landscape. Vermont’s forests have provided products to sell for as long as the state has been in existence. We depend on our working forests for their material contributions of timber, veneer, pulpwood, firewood, chips and pellets, (for both space heating and electric generation), and maple syrup, as well as those values and ecosystem services forests provide which are harder to monetize, such as clean air, clean water, and carbon sequestration.
It is for these reasons that the towns in the Cold Hollow to Canada region make up a crucial part of this regional forest network and are key to protecting wildlife, and the integrity and the health of the Northern Forest.